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Fort St. George

Fort Saint George citadel was built by the British East India Company in Chennai. The fort was named in honour of Britain’s patron saint, and is now well preserved by the state of Tamil Nadu. Housing some of the oldest museums and art galleries in the country, Chennai is home to the first British establishment in India, Fort St. George. Holding great historical importance, the fort was initially developed as a trading post, the fort later served as the origin of the modern Indian Army.

History of Fort St. George
The Fort was built in the 17th century to protect the English trade interests in the area, it was decided that an English Fort was needed.  In the year 1639, two representatives of the British East India Company, Francis Day and Andrew Cogan, purchased this land for the construction of a new Fort dedicated to St. George, the Patron Saint of England. The Fort was finally completed on April 23, and had cost the crown nearly £3,000.

Architecture of Fort St. George
Primarily sectioned into St. Mary’s Church and the Fort Museum, the fort is a grand three storey building displaying remains of the past. The remains include swords, daggers, rifles, pistols, cannon shots, mortars, helmets, uniforms of Army officers, medals, medallions, official porcelain tableware, portraits, oil paintings, silverware from St. Mary's Church. Original letters from British officials to their counterparts, clock stamps, coins, lampshades, clocks and a host of other imperial enchantments are also among the major attractions of the fort. Another major attraction here is a 150ft tall teakwood made flagstaff, which is unfortunately in ruins at present.

Important Facts about the Fort
The fort was built in the year 1644.
The visitors to the fort museum are welcomed by an impressive marble-made statue of Lord Cornwallis
The fort now houses the legislative assembly and Tamil Nadu Government's administrative buildings

Entry and Timing
Timings: 09:00 a.m. To 05:00 p.m.
The fort remains closed on Fridays
Entry Fees: Indians- Rs.5 (Free for children below 15 years). Foreigners – Rs.100

How to reach Chennai
By Air - Chennai International Airport is the nearest airport and is the 3rd busiest airport in India. Frequent domestic as well as international flights arrive here.

By Rail - Chennai Central and Chennai Egmore are the main railway stations in the city receiving regular trains from various major cities of India such as Delhi, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, and Kolkata etc.

By Road – The city is well connected with other cities in India with a decent road network. There are various buses operating from other cities to Chennai like Bangalore to Chennai Bus, Calicut to Chennai bus service etc.



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