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Rock Fort

The Rock Fort Temple of Tiruchirappalli is a historic fortification and temple complex, which is a prominent landmark of the city. Perched on 83 metres high rock, there are two Hindu temples inside, the Ucchi Pillayar Temple, Rockfort and the Thayumanaswami Temple, Rockfort. The fort complex has seen fierce battles between the Madurai Nayakas and Adi Shahi dynasty of Bijapur, Carnatic region and Maratha Imperial forces.

The name ‘RockFort’ comes from the military fortification built here. The first fortification was built by the emperors of the Vijayanagara Empire, and later by the British Empire during the Carnatic Wars. The oldest structure in the fort is a cave temple, which was built by the Pallavas in 580.

The Rock Fort is about 3.8 billion years old, making it older than the Himalayas. Quartz, used in glass making, and feldspar, used in ceramics, are found in this rock formation. The Temple was initially built by the Pallavas, but the Nayaks made use of its naturally fortified position and re-designed it. The temple complex in the fort complex is a collection of three temples, the Manikka Vinayakar temple at the foot of the hill, dedicated to Lord Ganesha; the Ucchi Pillayar Temple at the top of the hill dedicated to Lord Ganesha; and the Taayumaanavar Koyil Shivastalam, a rock cut temple dedicated to a Nayaka era saint, Taayumaanavar.

Rock-cut temple
There are two rock cut temples in the fort; one is in the lower part of the fort called the Lower Cave temple and the other is in the complex outside, called the Upper Cave Temple. The unfinished caves in the temple each have a shrine of Lord Shiva in the east and Vishnu in the west. The rock cut temple in the hill temple complex was constructed during the Pallava era and is named Lalitankura Pallaveswaram. The two-storey-tall Taayumaanava temples are considered to be a masterpiece of construction.

How to reach
By Air - Tiruchirapalli has an international airport which has regular flights from Trichy to Chennai, Kochi, Kozhikode, Sri Lanka, Sharjah and Kuwait.

By Train – Tiruchirapalli is the centre of Southern Railways. Lots of Train for the daily basis from trichy to Maharashtra, Karnataka, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka, etc.

By Road – Tiruchirapalli is one of the metropolitan cities and well connected to important places in all over the state with number of National Highways. NH 45, NH 45B, NH 67, NH 210 NH 227 passing through the city.

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